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Why is Rooftop Gardening Important in Bangladesh?

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Rooftop gardening is important in bangladesh because it offers a solution to the country’s urban agricultural challenges. In a densely populated city like dhaka, rooftop farming helps to maximize space, increase food security, and reduce dependence on imported agricultural products.

Bangladesh is a country with a growing population and limited agricultural land. Urbanization has contributed to the loss of agricultural land and increased food insecurity for the population. To address these challenges, rooftop gardening has emerged as a popular solution in bangladesh.

Rooftop gardening involves cultivating plants on rooftops, providing an opportunity for urban residents to grow their own fresh produce. This farming practice utilizes unused space and has the potential to increase food security in the country, especially in urban areas where people are heavily dependent on food imports. Additionally, rooftop farming can help to reduce the heat island effect in cities, improve air quality, and reduce energy consumption. In this article, we will explore the benefits of rooftop gardening in bangladesh and its potential to transform urban agriculture.

Why is Rooftop Gardening Important in Bangladesh?


Table of Contents

Briefing On The Importance Of Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh

Bangladesh, one of the most densely populated countries in the world, faces numerous challenges in terms of food security and environmental sustainability. Rooftop gardening has become increasingly popular in bangladesh as a solution to these problems. Here are the key points discussing the importance of rooftop gardening in bangladesh:

Statistics And Data About The Current State Of Agriculture

  • Agriculture is the backbone of bangladesh’s economy, contributing 15% of the country’s gdp and employing more than 40% of its workforce.
  • However, bangladesh faces many agricultural challenges, including soil degradation, water scarcity, and food insecurity.
  • Only 3% of the country’s land is suitable for agriculture due to frequent flooding, soil erosion, and other environmental factors.

How Rooftop Gardening Can Help Alleviate Problems

  • Rooftop gardening allows people to grow fresh produce in urban areas, reducing their dependence on commercial agriculture.
  • It can provide food for families, reducing the risk of malnutrition and increasing food security.
  • Rooftop gardening can also help reduce the urban heat island effect, improve air quality, and provide habitats for birds and insects.
  • Furthermore, rooftop gardening can create a sense of community and social cohesion through shared gardening spaces.

Challenges To Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh

  • The lack of awareness and education on rooftop gardening techniques
  • Limited access to resources such as seeds, tools, and technical assistance
  • The unavailability of affordable and high-quality gardening infrastructure
  • Resistance from building owners or cohabitants, particularly in densely populated urban areas.

By adopting innovative and sustainable solutions like rooftop gardening, bangladesh can tackle the challenges it faces in agricultural productivity, food security while promoting environmental sustainability and social cohesion.

Economic Benefits

Rooftop gardening has gained immense popularity in bangladesh in recent years. Apart from providing fresh and organic produce to families, it also has numerous economic benefits. In this section, we will discuss the various ways rooftop gardening has contributed towards reducing poverty, increasing the availability of fresh produce, and creating job opportunities in bangladesh.

Reduction In Poverty

  • Rooftop gardening has significantly reduced poverty rates in bangladesh as it enables families to save money in the long term by growing their fruit and vegetables at home.
  • It also encourages households to sell their surplus produce at local markets, thereby providing them with an additional source of income.
  • This approach allows families to be self-sufficient, which ultimately helps to break the cycle of poverty in the country.

Increase In The Availability Of Fresh Produce

  • Rooftop gardening ensures that fresh produce is readily available to families, especially those living in urban areas with limited access to green spaces.
  • The initiative has encouraged an increasing number of households to grow a variety of fruits and vegetables, improving their food options and overall health.
  • Additionally, it has helped reduce the dependency on imported produce, leading to lower costs and greater availability of locally grown products.

Job Creation

  • Rooftop gardening has created employment opportunities, especially for those with farming skills and knowledge.
  • The initiative has increased the demand for soil preparation, nutrients, and other essential tools, leading to the creation of formal and informal jobs.
  • This approach has also led to the formation of small businesses, such as rooftop gardening consultancy firms that offer training and assistance to households and organizations.

Rooftop gardening has played a significant role in improving the economy of bangladesh. It has helped reduce poverty rates, increase the availability of fresh produce, and create job opportunities. Additionally, this approach has contributed towards promoting a sustainable and healthy lifestyle for households and communities.

Environmental Benefits

Rooftop gardening has become an essential trend, especially in metropolitan cities like dhaka. One crucial aspect of rooftop gardening is its environmental benefits. Implementing rooftop gardening in bangladesh can have some significant positive consequences on the environment. Here are the three key benefits of rooftop gardening in bangladesh:

Reduction In Pollution

Pollution is one of the most severe problems that bangladesh is currently facing. Rooftop gardening can help reduce pollution levels in the following ways:

  • Green roofs help to absorb carbon dioxide (co2) and pollutants from the air, which helps to purify the air.
  • They also filter the air to remove heavy metals and dust particles, which is incredibly beneficial for respiratory health.
  • The plants and vegetation in these gardens help to absorb sound pollution, making cities quieter and more peaceful places to live.

Water Conservation

Maintaining a ratio between water usage and population density is a significant problem in bangladesh. Rooftop gardening can help conserve water resources in the following ways:

  • Green roofs retain water, thus reducing the need for irrigation of plants placed on them.
  • They also help reduce water runoffs, preventing water wastage and contamination of nearby water sources.
  • Green roofs also have significant insulation properties, which reduces the amount of water needed for air conditioning and cooling systems, resulting in substantial savings in water usage and cost.

Reduction In Carbon Footprint

Bangladesh is a country that is striving hard to reduce its carbon footprint. Rooftop gardening significantly helps in reducing it, in the following ways:

  • Green roofs help reduce the need for air conditioning systems during intense heat, thereby reducing energy usage.
  • The plants on green roofs absorb co2 emissions, reducing the buildings’ carbon footprint and nearby areas.
  • The plants’ insulation effect helps maintain an optimum temperature without relying on fuel-based heating systems, leading to significant energy savings and reduced carbon emissions.

Rooftop gardening has numerous environmental benefits that should make it a top priority for bangladesh. By reducing pollution, conserving water and reducing carbon footprint, rooftop gardening has made significant contributions to the environment. It’s time for bangladesh to realize that rooftop gardening is a sustainable solution towards building eco-friendly cities in the country.

Health Benefits

Rooftop gardening has become increasingly popular in bangladesh in recent years. Apart from providing fresh produce and reducing carbon emissions, it offers many health benefits as well. In this section, we will explore the positive impacts rooftop gardening can have on people’s health under the following headings:

Nutritional Advantages

Having a garden on the roof of their house can help people in bangladesh access fresh, organic fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Here are some of the nourishing benefits of rooftop gardening:

  • Rooftop gardens provide a constant supply of fresh produce that is free from artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives.
  • Growing fruits and vegetables on the roof ensures that they are grown in a safe environment, free from harmful pesticides and chemicals.
  • Individuals and families can enjoy a diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants without having to spend a lot of money.

Mental Health Benefits

Rooftop gardening can have a positive impact on a person’s mental and emotional health. Here are some of the significant benefits:

  • The act of planting, weeding, watering, and harvesting can prove to be a useful form of exercise, reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression.
  • Gardening can be a therapeutic activity that helps to calm the mind and relax the body while developing a sense of purpose and accomplishment.
  • Spending time around greenery has proven to soothe the mind, reduce stress levels, and improve overall well-being.

Access To Medicinal Plants

Many rooftop gardens in bangladesh also grow medicinal plants and herbs. Here are some of the advantages of having access to these plants:

  • Medicinal plants can help people manage chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or cholesterol, without having to turn to modern medicine.
  • Certain herbs can help treat common ailments, such as colds, coughs, and headaches, reducing the need for medication.
  • Having access to medicinal plants and herbs can also reduce healthcare costs in the long run.

Rooftop gardening can improve people’s nutritional intake, mental health, and access to medicinal plants, making it an essential practice in bangladesh. Whether you’re growing food for your family or cultivating plants for their therapeutic value, rooftop gardening can benefit you in many ways.

Container Gardening


Bangladesh is a densely populated country where space is scarce, yet the population is growing. This predicament is a challenge for many bangladeshis who want to cultivate their own food. This is where rooftop gardening comes in. However, not everyone can afford to have a full-fledged garden on their rooftops.

This is where container gardening comes in handy. ###types of plants that thrive in containers:

Container gardening is a great way to cultivate plants in a small space and can be just as productive as a traditional garden. However, some plants are better suited for container gardening than others. Here are some of the best types of plants to grow in containers:

  • Leafy greens: Lettuce, spinach, and kale flourish in containers.
  • Root vegetables: Carrots, radishes, and turnips grow well in containers as long as the container is deep enough to accommodate the roots.
  • Herbs: Many herbs such as basil, cilantro, and parsley grow well in containers and add great flavors to any dish.
  • Tomatoes: Cherry and patio tomatoes grow especially well in containers.
  • Peppers: Bell peppers and chili peppers are great for container gardening.

Best Practices For Container Gardening:

Container gardening can be a bit tricky, but there are certain best practices that can make it easier for you to grow plants in containers. Here are some tips to blossom your container gardening skills:

  • Choose containers that are large enough to accommodate the plants you want to grow.
  • Pick a container with good drainage. Ensure that there are holes drilled in the bottom of the container to allow excess water to drain out.
  • Use high-quality soil that is specially formulated for container gardening.
  • Place the container in an area that receives plenty of sunlight.
  • Water the plants when the soil is dry to the touch, but don’t overdo it as excess water can damage the plant roots.
  • Fertilize the plants regularly with organic fertilizers to ensure they receive proper nutrients.

Container gardening is an economical and efficient way for bangladeshis to grow their food. By adopting these best practices and selecting the right plants, anyone can grow a thriving container garden on their rooftop.

Raised-Bed Gardening

Rooftop gardening has become increasingly popular in densely populated areas like bangladesh, where green spaces are scarce. People are taking advantage of their rooftops and transforming them into gardens. Rooftop gardening helps improve air quality, reduces the risk of flooding and provides a source of fresh produce.

One of the most popular methods of rooftop gardening is raised-bed gardening. In this section, we will discuss the advantages of raised-bed gardening and the necessary soil preparation and maintenance required for it to be successful.

Advantages Of Raised-Bed Gardening

Raised-bed gardening is an excellent option for rooftop gardens due to its practicality and ease of maintenance. Here are some advantages of raised-bed gardening:

  • Provides better soil control: Raised-bed gardening allows for better soil control, which is especially important on rooftops where the soil quality is usually poor.
  • Increases productivity: Raised beds maximize space by growing plants closer together. Also, the plants have more space to grow roots, which leads to increased productivity.
  • Improves drainage: Raised beds improve drainage, which is crucial in rainy seasons as it prevents soil erosion and waterlogging.
  • Encourages a more natural environment: Raised-bed gardening encourages biodiversity, creating a more natural environment for pollinators and promoting a healthy ecosystem.

Soil Preparation And Maintenance

Before starting a raised-bed garden on your rooftop, you need to ensure that the soil is prepared for optimal growth. Here are some essential steps:

  • Add compost: Adding compost is necessary to enhance the soil’s fertility. Compost increases the soil’s organic matter, providing essential nutrients to plants.
  • Choose the right soil: Soil used in raised beds must be of high quality and contain a healthy mix of sand, silt, and clay. You can also add peat moss to improve its texture.
  • Mulch regularly: Mulching involves covering the soil with a protective layer of organic material. Mulching helps maintain soil moisture, prevent weed growth and protect plant roots from temperature fluctuations.
  • Water regularly: Plants in raised beds require consistent moisture to thrive. Water the plants regularly, ensuring that they are well hydrated but not overwatered.

Raised-bed gardening is an efficient and practical method for rooftop gardening in bangladesh. It provides better soil control, increases productivity, improves drainage and encourages a more natural environment. Adequate soil preparation and maintenance are essential for a successful raised bed garden.


Understanding Hydroponic Gardening

In bangladesh, where arable land is scarce and agricultural activities are limited, hydroponic gardening offers an ideal and sustainable way of producing fresh vegetables and fruits. Is the art of growing plants without soil, and it is based on the principle of providing the roots with all the necessary nutrients and minerals directly into the water.

Here are a few key things to understand about hydroponic gardening:

  • Hydroponic gardening does not require soil, which makes it ideal for places with limited arable land.
  • Plants grown hydroponically grow faster and yield more produce than those grown in soil, because they receive all the necessary nutrients directly into the roots.
  • There are different types of hydroponic systems that range from simple setups to complex ones, depending on the scale and needs of the gardener.

Advantages And Limitations Of Hydroponics

Like all forms of gardening, hydroponic gardening has its advantages and limitations. Here are some of them:


  • Hydroponic gardening uses less water than traditional gardening because the water used is continuously recycled, and there is no loss through evaporation.
  • Hydroponic gardening does not require the use of harmful pesticides or fertilizers, making it an eco-friendly option.
  • Since hydroponic gardening is done indoors, it provides an opportunity for year-round gardening and protects plants from extreme weather conditions.
  • Hydroponics can be done on a small and large scale, making it suitable for urban gardens as well as commercial farming.


  • Hydroponic gardening requires an initial investment in equipment, such as pumps, grow lights, and nutrient-rich solutions.
  • Plants grown hydroponically are vulnerable to power outages, which can disrupt the growing cycle and damage the plants.
  • Hydroponic gardening requires more management time than traditional gardening. Gardeners must monitor the water and nutrient levels closely to ensure the plants are thriving.
  • Hydroponic gardening is limited to growing specific crops, and it is not suitable for crops that require a lot of soil, such as root vegetables.

Overall, hydroponic gardening has numerous benefits that make it an ideal option for sustainable food production in bangladesh. By making use of innovative technologies and embracing modern farming methods, urban gardeners and farmers can overcome the challenge of limited arable land and produce fresh fruits and vegetables all year round.

Role Of Government In Encouraging Rooftop Gardening

Rooftop gardening is becoming increasingly important in bangladesh due to the many benefits it offers, including reduced heat and air pollution, improved access to healthy foods, and enhanced biodiversity. But, the success of rooftop gardening lies not just with the individuals who implement it, but also with the support provided by the government.

We will explore the role of the government in encouraging rooftop gardening in bangladesh, with a focus on policies and incentives, as well as collaborations with ngos.

Policies And Incentives

The government can play a crucial role in promoting rooftop gardening by creating policies and incentives to support it. Some examples of effective policies and incentives that the government could implement include:

  • Offering tax incentives: Providing tax incentives to individuals who participate in rooftop gardening programs can encourage more people to get involved.
  • Creating zoning regulations: Establishing zoning regulations that require or encourage green roofs can make it easier for people to implement rooftop gardens, and can help urban areas become more sustainable.
  • Providing funding: By providing funding for rooftop gardening initiatives, the government can provide financial support to those looking to start gardens on their rooftops, making it more accessible to everyone.

Collaborations With Ngos

The government can also collaborate with ngos and other organizations to promote rooftop gardening. Ngos can help facilitate public education and awareness campaigns, as well as provide resources and technical assistance to individuals interested in starting rooftop gardens. Some effective collaborations could include:

  • Partnering with community groups: By partnering with community groups already invested in sustainability, the government can help promote rooftop gardening to individuals who might not have otherwise become involved in the movement.
  • Providing training and technical assistance: By providing training and technical assistance to ngos and other organizations, the government can help ensure that they have the skills and knowledge necessary to support rooftop gardening initiatives.
  • Supporting public education campaigns: By supporting public education campaigns about the benefits of rooftop gardening, the government can help raise awareness about the benefits of this practice and encourage more people to get involved.

The government plays a critical role in promoting rooftop gardening in bangladesh, through policies and incentives, and collaborations with ngos. By supporting these initiatives, the government can help improve access to healthy foods, reduce air pollution and urban heat islands, and promote sustainable practices.

Role Of Private Sector

Rooftop gardening is an innovative way to grow gardens by using rooftops, terraces, or balconies in urban areas. In bangladesh, it has become increasingly important due to the rapid population growth and limited space for conventional farming. In this section, we’ll explore the vital role that private sector companies play in promoting rooftop gardening.

Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives

Many companies are incorporating corporate social responsibility initiatives by promoting rooftop gardening. Some of the reasons why businesses are using rooftop gardening as a means to support their csr initiatives include:

  • Reduced pollution: Rooftop gardens help mitigate greenhouse gases and reduce pollution levels in urban settings, which is an excellent csr initiative for companies interested in environmental sustainability
  • Community engagement: Businesses are using rooftop gardening to engage with the local community by sharing their space and resources with those interested in urban agriculture.
  • Healthy workforce: Rooftop gardening can also provide a healthy stress relief to employees to enjoy the fresh air and to de-stress themselves during their working hours.
  • Employee engagement: Companies are encouraging their employees to volunteer for rooftop gardening, which can build a sense of community within the organization.

Business Opportunities For Promoting Rooftop Gardening

Apart from the social responsibility initiatives, rooftop gardening can also be an excellent source of revenue for private sector companies, some of the ways to which private firms can promote and earn from rooftop gardening are:

  • Providing technical assistance: Providing technical assistance such as design, installation, and maintenance services for the garden facilitates the process for the customers.
  • Selling tools and gardening essentials: Companies can sell gardening supplies and tools to those interested in setting up rooftop gardens. This can be a great source of revenue for businesses, as rooftop farming will continue to grow in popularity.
  • Providing training: Companies can also provide training to their employees and customers on rooftop gardening techniques. This will increase industry standards and encourage more people to explore and invest in this industry.
  • Facility management and lease: Private companies can rent out their rooftops to interested parties for rooftop gardening purposes. This can lead to a mutually beneficial agreement for all parties involved.

Rooftop gardening is a growing trend in bangladesh for its environmental and social benefits. The private sector can play a vital role in promoting this movement by incorporating csr activities and taking advantage of business opportunities. Let’s all join hands and work towards achieving sustainable and eco-friendly rooftops for a greener future!

Role Of Local Communities

Rooftop gardening has emerged as an essential solution to many of bangladesh’s environmental and food security issues. Not only does it promote sustainable urban agriculture and biodiversity, but it also has social and economic benefits that help improve the lives of people in urban areas.

With local communities playing a critical role in the success of rooftop gardening initiatives, it’s crucial to understand why their participation matters. We will examine the significance of local engagement and provide examples of community-based rooftop gardening initiatives that have thrived in bangladesh.

Importance Of The Participation Of Locals

The participation of local communities is essential for the success of rooftop gardening projects. Here are some of the key reasons why:

  • Grassroots involvement: Local people are the first and most immediate beneficiaries of rooftop gardening projects. Their input is critical in defining what will be grown, where the garden will be located, and how the produce will be distributed.
  • Increased sense of ownership: When a community takes part in creating something, they feel more attached to it. This sense of ownership increases the likelihood of successful long-term maintenance and monitoring of the rooftop garden.
  • Reinforces social bonds: Working together on a rooftop garden can help to bring people together, fostering a sense of community. This can be particularly useful in areas where there is a lack of social space or where different groups may not typically interact.

Examples Of Successful Community-Based Rooftop Gardening Initiatives

Over the years, there have been several successful rooftop gardening initiatives in bangladesh that have relied heavily on the participation and contribution of locals. Here are a few examples:

  • The dhaka community hospital rooftop garden: Started in 2002, this hospital rooftop garden is one of the largest in dhaka city. The project has transformed an empty concrete space into a lush green environment where patients, doctors, nurses, and visitors can relax and enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables. The garden also serves as a teaching resource for sustainable farming methods and has become a significant urban biodiversity hotspot.
  • The khelna songbad rooftop garden: This initiative was launched to provide fresh produce to the newspaper’s employees and the surrounding community members. Volunteers from the community helped to set up the garden, and it’s now maintained by local staff who distribute the fruits and vegetables to employees and neighboring street vendors.
  • The urban and rural development foundation’s agronomic roof garden: This rooftop garden is situated in savar, on the outskirts of dhaka. The project began in 2012, and since then, it has been successful in providing an affordable source of healthy produce for more than 30 families. Local school students have also visited the garden to learn about sustainable agriculture, which helps to foster a culture of environmental education in the community.

Rooftop gardening is critical to bangladesh’s sustainable development, and local communities play an essential role in ensuring its success. By promoting community-based initiatives, we can build urban gardens that not only provide fresh, healthy food but also strengthen bonds between residents, promote environmental awareness and biodiversity.

Frequently Asked Questions On Why Is Rooftop Gardening Important In Bangladesh?

What Are The Benefits Of Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh?

Rooftop gardening in bangladesh has several benefits, including providing fresh food, reducing air pollution, and cooling buildings.

What Crops Are Suitable For Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh?

Any vegetable or fruit that grows well in containers, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and herbs, is suitable for rooftop gardening in bangladesh.

How Does Rooftop Gardening Help Mitigate Heat In Bangladesh?

Rooftop gardening helps to cool buildings in bangladesh by reducing heat radiation, evaporation of water from plant leaves, and shading.

Is Rooftop Gardening Expensive In Bangladesh?

Rooftop gardening in bangladesh can be affordable and cost-effective, especially if using recycled materials and planting locally available seeds.

Can Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh Help Alleviate Poverty?

Yes, rooftop gardening in bangladesh can help alleviate poverty by providing food and income for families, especially in low-income urban areas.

How Can Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh Benefit The Environment?

Rooftop gardening can benefit the environment in bangladesh by reducing carbon emissions, improving air quality, and promoting biodiversity.

What Safety Precautions Should Be Taken For Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh?

Careful attention should be given to the weight capacity of the roof, proper drainage, and protection from extreme weather conditions when practicing rooftop gardening in bangladesh.

What Support Is Available For Rooftop Gardening In Bangladesh?

Several organizations in bangladesh provide training, funding, and technical support for rooftop gardening, including the bangladesh agricultural research institute and the wateraid organization.


As we have seen in this article, rooftop gardening in bangladesh is a crucial way to address the environmental and social challenges that the country faces. With its high population density, industrialization, and urbanization, bangladesh is particularly vulnerable to environmental pollution and degradation.

Rooftop gardening can help mitigate these issues by reducing the carbon footprint of the country, improving air quality, and providing fresh produce. Moreover, it has social benefits, as it can serve as a source of income for households, increase food security, promote community engagement and beautify the environment.

The success stories of rooftop gardens in dhaka and other cities are inspiring and demonstrate the potential of this approach. It is our hope that policymakers, urban planners, and citizens alike will recognize the importance of rooftop gardening and take the necessary steps to encourage and support its implementation.

By working together, we can create a greener, more sustainable, and healthier bangladesh for all.